Bibliometric analysis consists in applying quantitative data relating to academic publications and citations used in them (including citations in patent documentation) to evaluate the impact of scientific activity of researchers, scientific units and even entire countries. It is used to assess the development of science, expressed, among other things, through the emergence of a network of research connections – national and international, and the emergence of new fields of science and technology.
The main advantages of bibliometrics:
- it presents the role and impact of research on the development of science (useful when applying for a job, academic promotion or grants),
- it helps to identify the value of research for institutions,
- it provides the basis for justifying the benefits of investing in research,
- it helps to identify both the most popular and the least known areas of science, which in turn helps to set future research priorities,
- it indicates the most prosperous journals in the field, which facilitates the selection of the title suitable for the publication of research,
- it extends the knowledge of the area of research which we deal with,
- it makes it easy to recognize new areas of research,
- it indicates the best scientists in the field, which makes it easier to identify potential cooperators or competitors.
- the number of publications,
- the number of authors,
- citation analysis.
- Hirsch-index (h-index),
- Impact Factor (IF) of a journal or a journal impact factor (JIF),
- Impact Factor per Publication (IPP),
- Source Normalized Impact Paper (SNIP),
- Scimago Impact Factor (SIF), Predicted Impact Factor (PIF),
- Total Impact Factor,
- Immediacy Index (II),